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Ovarian cancer refers to any cancerous growth that begins in the ovary.

Ovarian cancer refers to any cancerous growth that begins in the ovary.
It is the fifth most common cause of cancer deaths in women and the tenth most common cancer among women in India. Among the gynecologic cancers—those affecting the uterus, cervix, and ovaries—ovarian cancer has the highest rate of deaths.

Fast facts about ovarian cancer

Around 22,000 Indians receive a diagnosis of ovarian cancer yearly. Uncertainty factors for developing ovarian cancer include family history, older age, sexual records, and obesity. Treatment options cover surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy. If it is diagnosed in the early stages, there is a 94 percent chance of surviving for at least 5 more years.


Maximum ovarian cancers start in the epithelium or outside lining, of the ovary. In the first stages, there may be few or no symptoms. Symptoms may follow those of other conditions, such as premenstrual syndrome, irritable bowel syndrome, or a temporary bladder difficulty. The main difference between ovarian cancer and other possible disorders is the persistence and progressive worsening of symptoms. Initial symptoms of ovarian cancer may include:
  • pain in the pelvis, the lower stomach, or the lower part of the body.
  • back pain.
  • indigestion or cardialgia.
  • feeling full quickly when eating.
  • further persistent and important urination.
  • pain during sexual intercourse.
  • differences in bowel weaknesses, such as illness.

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