In vitro fertilization, or IVF, is the most frequent and efficient type of assisted reproductive technology to help women become pregnant. Unlike the simpler procedure of artificial insemination in which sperm is placed in the uterus and conception occur otherwise usually IVF involves combining eggs and sperm outside the body in a laboratory. Once an embryo or embryos form, they are then placed in the uterus. IVF is a composite and exclusive procedure
Some risks are associated with IVF.
Side effects of medication
Some women may have reactions to the medications that are given during treatment.
- hot flashes
- enlargement of the ovaries
- difficulty sleeping
- abdominal pain
- The possible side effects of IVF drugs include:
- nausea and vomiting
- difficulty breathing
In a regular pregnancy, a male sperm penetrates a woman’s egg and fertilizes it inside her body after ovulation, when a mature egg has been released from the ovaries.
The fertilized egg then connects itself to the wall of the uterus, or womb, and begins developing into a baby. This is known as natural conception. However, if natural or unassisted conception is not possible, fertility treatment is an option.
What Causes of Infertility Can IVF Treat?
When it comes to infertility, IVF may be an option if you or your partner has been diagnosed with:
- Problems with the uterus or fallopian tubes
- Problems with ovulation
- Antibody problems that harm sperm or eggs
- The inability of sperm to penetrate or survive in the cervical mucus
- An unexplained fertility problem
- Low sperm counts