Fibroids can show on the inside or outside lining of your uterus, or within its muscular wall. Fibroids also called as myomas, fibromyomas or leiomyomas, Fibroids are non-cancerous tumors of the uterus that show throughout your childbearing years. They generally develop from a single smooth muscle cell that continues to grow. Fibroids often cause no problems, but may occasionally be associated with infertility, miscarriage and premature labour. Other probable problems include heavy, lengthy and painful periods. Treatment depends on the size, number and location of the fibroids, but may contain drugs and surgery. Fibroids rarely turn cancerous.
In many cases, fibroids are asymptomatic. Symptoms may include:
- Spotting between periods
- Painful intercourse
- A sensation of heaviness or pressure in the back
- Frequent urination
- A lump or swelling in the lower abdomen
- Heavy periods
- Difficulty getting pregnant
Fibroids are categorized by their location, which includes:
Intramural- rising in the uterine wall. Intramural fibroids are the most ordinary variety.
Submucosal- rising in the uterine lining. This type tends to reason excessive menstrual bleeding and period pain
Subserosal- rising on the exterior wall of the uterus. They sometimes show like balloon on a stick
A polyp is a little protrusion that looks like a small ball on the end of a slim stalk. Endometrial polyps can also add to menstrual problems, such as excessive bleeding and pain.
Fibroids can cause a variety of complications, including:
Anaemia- extreme menstrual blood loss can reason anaemia, a disorder characterized by the body’s incapability to carry enough oxygen in the blood. Symptoms of anaemia include breathlessness, fatigue and paleness
Urination problems– large fibroids can bulge the uterus against the bladder, causing a sensation of fullness or discomfort and the need to urinate often
Infertility- the occurrence of fibroids can interfere with implantation of the fertilized egg in a number of ways.
Miscarriage and premature delivery– fibroids can decrease blood flow to the placenta, or else compete for space with the developing baby