What is an ovarian cyst?
An ovarian cyst is a fluid full sac or pouch which forms on the ovary. Ovarian cysts, in most cases are harmless and decide on their own. If the cyst is cancerous, it may reason problems and thus needs medical intervention. Ovarian cysts are general in women of childbearing age.
What are the symptoms?
Ovarian cysts are symptomless most of the times but may reason variable abdominal or pelvic pain or pain for the duration of intercourse. If the cyst is great, it may reason twisting of the ovary that leads to pain.
How are ovarian cysts diagnosed?
If you are a menopausal woman, then in addition to ultrasound your gynecologist may order for blood tests to measure tumour markers which give useful in order in the diagnosis and prognosis. Ovarian cysts may be diagnosed during a routine pelvic examination, such as a Pap smear. Your doctor may recommend tests such as vaginal ultrasound, CT or MRI scan.
What are the treatment options?
Most ovarian cysts will decide on own without any treatment. Birth control pills may be prescribed to decrease the formation of new ovarian cysts. Surgery is an option if the cyst does not go away, superior in size or reason pain and also in menopausal women or who are nearing menopause. Cystectomy is a surgical excision of an ovarian cyst.
How is cystectomy done?
Cystectomy is a surgical process during which the ovarian cyst is detached either using laparoscopy or an open surgery approach. A laparoscopic cystectomy process is a minimally invasive surgery during which a laparoscope, a long thin instrument with a camera attached at one end is used. The procedure is generally done under general anesthesia and a small incision is made below the navel. A laparoscope is inserted through this incision to see the inside of your pelvis and abdomen. Carbon dioxide gas is introduced into the abdominal cavity to generate more space to work. Your surgeon identifies the cyst through the scope and takes out the cyst. This technique is by and large used to remove small cysts.