Menorrhagia is a situation characterized by unusually serious, prolonged bleeding or both for the duration of menstruation. Women with menorrhagia may have substantial blood loss of about 80cc or more during periods and pain that disturbs normal activities.
Common symptoms of menorrhagia are:
- Passage of great blood clots
- require to use both tampons and sanitary pads together
- Staining clothes or bed linen
- Fatigue, weakness or shortness of breath
- Heavy menstrual flow that needs changing of sanitary pad every hour for several consecutive hours
- Periods lasting for more than seven days
The reason of menorrhagia is not known in some cases; however several conditions that may reason menorrhagia consist of hormonal imbalance, dysfunction of the ovaries, uterine fibroids (noncancerous tumours of the uterus), uterine polyps, adenomyosisuse of intrauterine devices (IUDs), cancer, inherited blood disorders, certain medications and other medical conditions such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), thyroid harms and liver or kidney disease. Biopsy is a method of removing a piece of tissue from the inner lining of the uterus and is examined under a microscope. Your doctor may also recommend an examination called hysteroscopy, which involves placing a small tube with a light through your cervix to obtain a direct view of the lining of the womb.
Treatment options will depend on the cause and severity of menorrhagia and also your overall health. Some common treatments include:
- Oral contraceptive pills may be known to help decrease bleeding and regularize your menstrual cycle
- Oral progesterone may be given to help right hormonal imbalance
- Mirena, a type of intrauterine device which discharge progestin in the womb that thins the uterine lining and reduces the blood flow may be used
- Iron supplements may be started if your iron levels are low
- Non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may help decrease menstrual blood flow as well as cramping